SSHRC - Imagining Canada's Future - Challenges

SSHRC Imagining Canada's Future   |  Approach   |  Challenges   |  Findings   |  Taking Action   |  Readings

Southern Ontario Panel on Urbanization

Focusing on urbanization as a key regional and global driver of change, we asked:

In the face of increasing urbanization worldwide, what future challenges
do we anticipate for Southern Ontario, now through 2030?

Panellists assessing future challenges for SSHRC ICF project

91 challenges were identified by the Expert Panel. Our Top Ten list are those challenges that are most influential on the other challenges, and highly related to the triggering question.

Top Ten Future Challenges — the challenge of...

  1. Advancing a diverse and inclusive society
  2. Enabling equitable access to ICT
  3. Governing ourselves responsively
  4. Designing sustainable cities
  5. Overcoming fear of change
  6. Including indigenous rights in planning
  7. Transitioning to a digital economy
  8. Upgrading transportation systems
  9. Stewarding regional ecosystems
  10. Supporting our aging population


Dialogic Design Ranking Process

The panel produced a total of 91 challenge statements in response to the Triggering Question. In facilitated discussion, participants clarified the intended meaning of their statements, and were given opportunities to revise or withdraw them. In an open vote (dot voting technique), 13 challenges received 3 or more votes. To isolate the top ten and investigate their interrelationships, a further participatory process (pair-wise voting) enabled inference of relative influence among the top 13 challenges. The three challenges that dropped off were those that were judged in influence map voting as having the least relative influence on the others.


The Influence Map shows a pattern of challenges based on systemic influence as judged by participants. The relative order was reached by the method of “root cause mapping”: challenges mapped at the deepest levels (Level V and IV) are recognized as having the most leverage on other challenges. Our rank order for the Top Ten begins with the “deepest” or “most influential” challenges as number 1, and proceeds to “most influenced” as number 10. The top three challenges at the deepest level of influence are mutually correlated, forming a “cycle.” Notice that some challenges with a higher number of votes were not seen as highly influential. Influence mapping reveals that the issues with highest awareness or popularity among participants may not be those with the most influence on other challenges.